Emotional and Social Development of Child from 0 – 3 Months

Your baby will spend much of each day watching and listening to the people around him in 2nd Month. Baby start learning and observing  the surrounded people who will entertain and soothe him, feed him, and make him comfortable.

Baby feels good when they smile at him, and give same reaction i.e. baby smiles too. Even during first month, baby will experiment with primitive smiles and express his reactions. Then, during the second month, these movements will turn to genuine signals of pleasure and friendliness.

Emotional and Social Development of Child from 0 - 3 Months

Emotional and Social Development

Experienced your baby first true smile yet? It’s a major turning point for parents and your infant. And Suddenly, All the sleepless nights and erratic days i.e. intial weeks weeks suddenly seem worthwhile at the sight of that first smile, and we parent will do everything in your power to keep those smiles coming. And your baby suddenly will discover that just by moving his lips he can have two-way “conversations” with you, as his smile bring him even more attention than usual and make him feel good.

Baby seems to be more engaged with you and your smiles, and eventually with the rest of this great big world around him, not only will his brain development advance, but the more he’ll be distracted from internal sensations (hunger, gas, fatigue) that once strongly influenced much of his behaviour.

Infant start increasing socialization is further proof that they enjoys and appreciates these new experiences. Expanding his world with emotions, Smile & cry is not only fun for both of you but also important to his overall development.

At first infant actually may seem to smile. Looking away from parent gives him some control and protects him from being overwhelmed by them. It’s his way of taking in the total picture without being “caught” by your eyes. By this way, he can pay equal attention to your emotions as well i.e. your facial expressions, your sound, your warm body, and the way you’re holding him in your hands.

As you get to know each other, infant will gradually hold your gaze for longer and longer periods, and you’ll find ways to increase his “tolerance”—perhaps by holding him at a certain distance, adjusting the level of your voice, or modifying your expressions.

In three months, baby becomes master of “smile talk.” Sometimes they start a “conversation” by aiming a broad smile at you and gurgling to catch your attention. At other times they will lie in wait, watching your face and wait for first smile and then beaming back his enthusiastic response.

The whole body of baby participate in these dialogues. Baby hands will open wide, one or both arms will lift up and legs will move in time with the rhythms of your speech. Baby will copy your facial movements or it also may mirror yours. As you talk baby may open his mouth and widen his eyes, and if you stick out your tongue, he may do the same!

See Also: Baby Development Milestones : 1 Month

Of course, baby probably won’t act this friendly with everyone. Infant are more choosy in comparison to adults so don’t expect they will react to other peoples also. Of course baby favourites are, naturally, will be his parents. After parents they become friendly with other children’s at about three or four months. If he has brothers or sisters, you’ll see him beaming as soon as they start talking to him.

Grandparents or routine social people may receive a hesitant smile at first, followed by closeness and body talk once they’ve played with your baby awhile. Babies do have very selective behaviour with family and strangers tells you that even at this young age, he’s starting to sort out who’s who in his life.

As your baby grows, the way two of you communicate will vary with your baby needs and desires. On a day-to-day basis you’ll find that he has three general levels of need, each of which shows a different side of his personality:

  1. Urgent needs —when baby is very hungry or in pain, for instance— baby will let you know in his own special way, perhaps by screaming, whimpering, or using desperate body language. In time you’ll learn to recognize these signals so quickly that you usually can satisfy him almost before he himself knows what he wants.
  2. While your baby is peacefully asleep, or when he’s alert and entertaining himself, you will feel reassured that you’ve met all his needs for the moment. The times when he’s playing by himself provide you with wonderful opportunities to observe—from a distance—how he is developing important new skills such as learning to play by himself, reaching, tracking objects, or manipulating his hands. These are especially important skills for more difficult-to-console babies to learn.
  3. Each day there will be periods when your baby’s obvious needs are met but he’s still fussy or fitful. Baby may let you know this with a whine, agitated movements, or spurts of aimless activity between moments of calm. Probably baby won’t even know what he wants, and any of several responses i.e. playing, talking, singing, rocking, and walking work sometimes; simply repositioning him or letting him “fuss it out” may be the most successful strategy. You also may find that while a particular response calms him down momentarily, he’ll soon become even fussier and demand more attention. This cycle may not break until you either let him cry a few minutes or distract him by doing something different—for example, taking him outside or feeding him.

Over time your baby’s periods of acute need will be decrease, and he’ll be able to play with himself for longer stretches. With time you’re learning to anticipate and care for many of your baby problems before he’s uncomfortable. But also, his nervous system will be maturing, and, as a result, he’ll be better able to cope with everyday stresses by himself. Baby will be able to do more things to amuse and console himself and will experience fewer frustrations With greater control over his body.

See Also: How to bathe your newborn

During baby’s early months, don’t worry about spoiling your baby with too much attention. Rather it is time to observe him closely and respond promptly when he needs you. You may not be able to calm him down every time, but it never hurts to show him how much you care. In fact, the more promptly and consistently you comfort your baby’s fussing in the first six months, the less demanding he’s likely to be when he’s older.

In beginning baby needs frequent reassurance in order to feel secure about himself and about you with him. By this way you are helping him establish this sense of security now, you’re laying a foundation for the confidence and trust that will allow him gradually to separate from you and become a strong, independent person which is need of time.

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